In 1991 a volcanic eruption of Mount Pinatubo forced an evacuation and destroyed much of the Clark Air Base, a major United States military facility located 40 miles (60 km) northwest of Manila, which closed shortly thereafter.Most of the sex trade around the base closed at the same time due to the loss of the GI customers.N.'S International Labour Organization's Manila office. The Philippines is ranked under Tier 2 Watch List in the 2009 Trafficking in Persons Report of the United States (US) State Department due to the Philippine government’s alleged failure to show evidence of progress in convicting trafficking offenders, particularly those responsible for labor trafficking.A report published in 2004 by the Vatican stated: The Philippines has a serious trafficking problem of women and children illegally recruited into the tourist industry for sexual exploitation.Davao provinces, along with the Caraga region, have become the favorites of child traffickers posing as tourists.
The promise of recruiters offers women and children attractive jobs in the country or abroad, and instead they are coerced and forced and controlled into the sex industry for tourists.Brandishing placards and chanting slogans, members of WAIL and GABRIELA called for justice for all victims of human rights abuses.Trafficking of Women and Children in Olongapo was rampant during the time of the Subic Naval Base located close by.The house had also been raided the previous month, resulting in the rescue of another group of alleged human trafficking victims.Following the raid a police spokesman, describing the suspect as "a known human trafficker and maintainer of suspected prostitutes in the locality", said that the suspected trafficker would face criminal charges for violation of Republic Act 9208." One 16-year-old child tells of her experience in Subic Bay: She was locked in a room for a month, starved and force-fed drugs and alcohol to ensure she was addicted and could be more easily controlled.