Singapore is a unitary multiparty parliamentary republic, with a Westminster system of unicameral parliamentary government.
The People's Action Party has won every election since self-government in 1959.
: Siṃhapura; siṃha is "lion", pura is "town" or "city"), hence the customary reference to the nation as the Lion City, and its inclusion in many of the nation's symbols (e.g., its coat of arms, Merlion emblem).
However, it is unlikely that lions ever lived on the island; Sang Nila Utama, the Srivijayan prince said to have founded and named the island Singapura, perhaps saw a Malayan tiger.
They killed their officers and several British civilians before the mutiny was suppressed by non-Muslim troops arriving from Johore and Burma.
After the First World War, the British built the large Singapore Naval Base as part of the defensive Singapore strategy.
There are however other suggestions for the origin of the name and scholars do not believe that the origin of the name to be firmly established.
and the earliest written record of Singapore occurs in a Chinese account from the third century, describing the island of Pu Luo Chung (蒲 罗 中).
After early years of turbulence and despite lacking natural resources and a hinterland, the nation developed rapidly as an Asian Tiger economy, based on external trade and its workforce.It was defended by heavy 15-inch naval guns stationed at Fort Siloso, Fort Canning and Labrador, as well as a Royal Air Force airfield at Tengah Air Base.Winston Churchill touted it as the "Gibraltar of the East" and military discussions often referred to the base as simply "East of Suez". The British Home Fleet was stationed in Europe, and the British could not afford to build a second fleet to protect its interests in Asia.Stamford Raffles founded colonial Singapore in 1819 as a trading post of the British East India Company; after the latter's collapse in 1858, the islands were ceded to the British Raj as a crown colony.During the Second World War, Singapore was occupied by Japan.