Due to religious attitudes towards suicides at the time, the wife and relatives try to conceal the death as being due to illness.
Shortly afterwards, the town inhabitants begin to suffer the nightly attacks of a spirit entity resembling the shoemaker.
During and after the revolt the Inquisition is portrayed as the enemy of political as well as religious liberty, despite the fact that most of its victims had been Anabaptists who were also viciously persecuted by orthodox Protestants.
Germany – Ludwig Lavater’s treatise “De Spectris, lemuribus, et magnis atque insolitis fragoribus” is translated into english as “Of Ghosts and Spirits Walking By Night”.
Countess Elizabeth Báthory de Ecsed was a countess from the renowned Báthory family of nobility in the Kingdom of Hungary.
The noble Báthory family stemmed from the Hun Gutkeled clan which held power in broad areas of east central Europe (in those places now known as Poland).
Gian Pietro Cardinal Carafa (1475–1559) becames Pope Paul IV in 1555.
He approves the first Index of Forbidden Books (1559) and vigorously seeks out any academics who prompt any thought that offends church doctrine or favor Protestantism.
Book censorship, a favorite of the early Roman Catholic Church, is once again the order of the day.
May 7: Breslau, Silesia, Bohemia – In desperation, the towns people re-exhume the body of the shoemaker, dismember it, burn it, and throw the ashes into the local river. This case is used by some at the time to argue that improper burial rites could cause the creation of a revenant.
1597: August 23: Gelnhausen, Germany – Clara Geisslerin is an old woman who is accused of witchcraft, tortured in the most horrible manner in order to get her to confess to ridiculous accusations.