Risk factors which can lead to increased incidence of gallstones include the "Four Fs:" fat, female, fertile, and flatulent, as well as sickle cell disease (bilirubin), cirrhosis, Crohn's disease, diabetes, pancreatic disease, and hyperparathyroidism.
Gallstone attacks often follow fatty meals, and they may occur during the night.
Women are twice as likely as men to develop gallstones; the higher prevalence of gallstones in women is thought to be caused by multiple pregnancies, obesity, and rapid weight loss.
People who may be at risk for developing gallstones may want to try modifying their diet to decrease their risk.
The study found no relation between gallstone prevention and tea, decaffeinated coffee, or caffeinated soft drinks.
Regular, vigorous, exercise may decrease the risk of gallstones.
Gallstones can also form due to low levels of bile acids and bile lecithin.
When I was diagnosed with gallstones at 26, I was told that the typical gallstone patient was fair, fat, and forty.