In Europe, exceptions were rare before the printing press and the Reformation made literacy more widespread.
Since then, compulsory education laws have raised the education of girls and young women throughout Europe.
Many cultures have traditional customs to mark the "coming of age" of a girl or boy, to recognize their transition to adulthood, or to mark other milestones of their journey to maturity as children.
Japan has a coming-of-age ritual called Shichi-Go-San (七五三), which literally means "Seven-Five-Three".
For this reason, girls' and boys' education differed.
Boys could attend formal schools to learn how to read, write, and do math, while girls would be educated at home to learn the occupations of their mothers.